SERENADES AT THE OPERA
26 JANUARY – 19.00 – ARTURBINA
Joseph Haydn – Octet in F Major, Hob. II:F7
Andante con Variazioni
Menuetto – Allegretto
Finale – Allegro
Franz Schubert – Octet in F major, D.72
Joseph Haydn (1732 -1809)
Joseph Haydn was born on March 31, 1732 in Rohrau, Austria. At the age of 6 he starts studying harpsichord and violin in Vienna.
The Austrian composer is regarded as the “father” of the symphony and string quartet and one of the greatest composers of the classical period. He wrote 104 symphonies while preserving its classical structure and format with the familiar four-note formula, 14 quartets for strings, medieval music, oratorio, 14 theatrical works, and more. He spent most of his life in Austria as “Kapellmeister” (musical director). For a long time he was a composer and musician in the palace of the Hungarian prince Esterhazy. During this time he was completely isolated from the musical environment and this helped him in his creations, which are original of his style. A central characteristic of Haydn’s music is the development of larger structures out of very short, simple musical motifs, often derived from standard accompanying figures. The music is often quite formally concentrated, and the important musical events of a movement can unfold rather quickly. His compositions were the basis for later development in tonal plan and various classical forms such as sonata and quartet.
Haydn was a highly regarded composer, he created new genres of music, was not subject to the rules of tonality, and like no other composer he succeeded in harmonizing notes, comicality and humor. Surprising, conventional and unconventional, Haydn’s symmetry and asymmetry made the audience laugh.
Franz Schubert (1797 – 1828)
Franz Schubert is one of the world’s foremost composers of progressive music and one of the first romantic composers. He created innovative music regarding the ideas he dealt with and with a new artistic direction. He wrote about 615 melodies, nine symphonies including the famous “Unfinished Symphony”, liturgical music, opera, solo piano music. The many qualities, virtues, talents, and passions of this great artist were not recognized while he was still alive. He created songs that are not only distinguished by the beauty and sincerity of expression, but also by the clarity of romantic feelings previously unexpressed in that kind of lyricism. He sang to the life and love of ordinary people with such a wealth of lyrical melodies that can only be compared to those of Mozart and Chopin.