SERENADES AT THE OPERA
JANUARY 25 – 19.00 – ARTURBINA
Serenade for strings in C major, op. 48
Composed in November 1880
Pezzo in forma di Sonatina. Andante non troppo (C major)
Valse: Moderato – Tempo di valse (G major)
Élégie: Larghetto elegiaco (D major)
Finale (Tema russo): Andante – Allegro con spirito (D major)
Serenade for Strings in E minor, Op. 20
Composed in March 1892
PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY (1840 – 1893)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, 1840 in Russia. From the age of 5 he was able to play the piano. He graduated from San Petersburg with a degree in law and then worked in the Russian Department of Justice for 3 consecutive years. From 1866 to 1878 he was professor of theory and harmony at the Moscow Conservatory.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is the most prominent Russian composer of the late Romantic period, he has written music full of feelings, emotions, drama.
During the 10 years (1865 -1875) when he was conducting the Chair of Harmony at the Moscow Conservatory, he composed the symphonic poem “Fate”, the Overture “Romeo and Juliet”, the second Symphony “Little Russia”, the third Symphony “Polish” and so on.
His compositions include 11 operas, 7 symphonies, 3 concerts for piano, concert for violin and orchestra, great ballet music, many overtures, chamber music and more. The creations of this period are characterized by freshness, elegance, excellent technique.
In the latter period, his most famous compositions arise, which will make him famous as a conductor: the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Symphony, Shakespeare’s “Hamlet and the Storm” Overture, “Francesca da Rimini” Symphonic Poem, Melancholy Serenade for violin and orchestra op. 26, pianoforte trio op.50, and “Souvenir de Florence” op. 70.
His most popular compositions include the popular ballet “Swan Lake”, “Sleeping Beauty”, “Nutcracker”. More than language innovations, his music’s values lie in its capacity to transform the psychological reality and emotional state of time through communication. His talent culminates where tragic feelings and deeper passions are revealed, where his personal drama directly participates in his works.
EDWARD ELGAR (1857 – 1934)
Born in England, Edward Elgar was educated in music in the province where he lived and where his father worked as an organist. Elgar began his career as an instrument lecturer and conductor of local orchestral communities. He was the first English composer to allow himself to be inspired by the modern music of Richard Strauss. The sound of his music has a fiery English character, whose appreciation is shown by Elgart’s status as a musician.
At the age of 22, he took up the position of band director at Worcester and County Lunatic Asylum in Powick. He composed several pieces for the band, some of which were rediscovered and appeared in early 1996.
Elgar gradually established a reputation as a songwriter thanks to work for the Midlands choral festivals. “The Black Knight”, “King Olaf” (1896) and “The Light of Life of Caractacus” gained modest success.
Many of his works have entered the repertoire of classical British and international concerts. His best-known compositions include orchestra works including “Enigmatic Changes”, “The Pump and the Circle Brand”, violin and cello concerts, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including “Gerontius’ Dream”, chamber music and songs.
In the final years of his life, Elgar began working for the lyrical opera “Spanish Woman” and accepted the BBC’s advice on composing a third symphony.
Gëzim Bulçari (concert master)